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Fennecs are the world’s smallest fox species, living in the world’s largest desert. They are extremely elusive, and their habitat is very difficult to explore. With their massive, radar-shaped ears, fennecs can hear the click of a camera shutter from 150 metres away! Documenting them was not going to be an easy task for photographer Bruno D’Amicis.

‘Seeing a fennec fox in the wild was a dream from my childhood that took me 25 years to fulfil,’ says D’Amicis. Working extensively in southern Tunisia, he spent two years trying to gain an insight into the life of the fennec fox, as well as its exploitation by humans. Battling political instability, frequent sandstorms and illegal trade, D’Amicis persevered where others might have given up.

‘I wish I never had to witness the sad situations of fennecs captured and exploited for trade, and was instead left to treasure the precious moments I had watching them among the silent and ephemeral dunes,' he says. 'But I firmly believe their story is one worth telling in its entirety.’

Download our full story PDF, including text, here.

Young Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) cub, offered for sale to the photographer by the young man who trapped it in the desert. Kebili Region, Tunisia. May 2014. Winner of the World in our Hands category, Wi... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Young Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) cub, offered for sale to the photographer by the young man who trapped it in the desert. Kebili Region, Tunisia. May 2014. Winner of the World in our Hands category, Wi...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night digging for prey among the roots of Retam broom shrub. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia.  Taken with remote camera trap. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night digging for prey among the roots of Retam broom shrub. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Taken with remote camera trap.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult female on sand dunes, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult female on sand dunes, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult near the den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult near the den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia
Beetle (Tenebrio sp) walking on sand dune in the Sahara desert, Erg Chebbi, Southern Morocco, NW Africa - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Beetle (Tenebrio sp) walking on sand dune in the Sahara desert, Erg Chebbi, Southern Morocco, NW Africa
Tenebrionid beetle (Tenebrionidae) crossing Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tracks on sand. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Tenebrionid beetle (Tenebrionidae) crossing Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tracks on sand. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Sun filtering through sand during severe sandstorm. Grand Erg Oriental, Tunisia - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Sun filtering through sand during severe sandstorm. Grand Erg Oriental, Tunisia
Italian photographer Bruno D'Amicis waiting for sandstorm to pass in concrete hut in the desert. on assignment to photograph Fennec foxes (Vulpes zerda) Tunisia, May 2012. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Italian photographer Bruno D'Amicis waiting for sandstorm to pass in concrete hut in the desert. on assignment to photograph Fennec foxes (Vulpes zerda) Tunisia, May 2012.
Car used by Italian photographer Bruno D'Amicis on assignment to photograph Fennec foxes (Vulpes zerda), Tunisia. January 2013. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Car used by Italian photographer Bruno D'Amicis on assignment to photograph Fennec foxes (Vulpes zerda), Tunisia. January 2013.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tracks on sand dune. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tracks on sand dune. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Rhim or Slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros loderi)  Great Erg Oriental, Tunisia. Endangered. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Rhim or Slender-horned gazelle (Gazella leptoceros loderi) Great Erg Oriental, Tunisia. Endangered.
Brown-necked raven (Corvus ruficollis) sitting atop a dune, Tunisian Sahara, Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Brown-necked raven (Corvus ruficollis) sitting atop a dune, Tunisian Sahara, Tunisia.
Desert monitor (Varanus griseus) moving across sand dunes,  showing characteristic tracks, in the Sahara, Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Desert monitor (Varanus griseus) moving across sand dunes, showing characteristic tracks, in the Sahara, Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) female nursing pups,  Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) female nursing pups, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) female with pups outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) female with pups outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside of burrow, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside of burrow, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) walking through dunes with starry sky. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Taken with camera trap. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) walking through dunes with starry sky. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Taken with camera trap.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult in sand dunes at night, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Camera trap image - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult in sand dunes at night, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Camera trap image
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night among desert vegetation. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia.  Taken with remote camera trap. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night among desert vegetation. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Taken with remote camera trap.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night digging for prey among the roots of Retam broom shrub. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia.  Taken with remote camera trap. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night digging for prey among the roots of Retam broom shrub. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Taken with remote camera trap.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night in sand dunes with starry sky,  Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Camera trap image - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) adult at night in sand dunes with starry sky, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. Camera trap image
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup digging. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup digging. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Desert monitor (Varanus griseus) moving across sand dunes, Sahara, Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Desert monitor (Varanus griseus) moving across sand dunes, Sahara, Tunisia.
Pharaoh's eagle owl (Bubo bubo ascalaphus) sitting on Tamarisk tree (Tamarix) in Sahara desert. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Pharaoh's eagle owl (Bubo bubo ascalaphus) sitting on Tamarisk tree (Tamarix) in Sahara desert. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Sand viper (Cerastes vipera) sidewinding on sand dunes. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Sand viper (Cerastes vipera) sidewinding on sand dunes. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Sand viper (Cerastes vipera) side winding on sand dunes. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Sand viper (Cerastes vipera) side winding on sand dunes. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pups playing outside of den, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) ears above sand dunes, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) ears above sand dunes, Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tracks and its name written in Arabic on sand. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tracks and its name written in Arabic on sand. Grand Erg Oriental, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia.
Fennec fox mascot, Labib, the  Tunisian symbol for environmental protection in the country for years. Regarded as a symbol of Ben Ali's regime, Labib's campaign has now been abandoned and the icon van... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox mascot, Labib, the Tunisian symbol for environmental protection in the country for years. Regarded as a symbol of Ben Ali's regime, Labib's campaign has now been abandoned and the icon van...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tail of hanging from a Tunisian car rear mirror. Fennecs are sometimes considered as pests by desert nomads and thus hunted. Kebili Governorate, Tunisia. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tail of hanging from a Tunisian car rear mirror. Fennecs are sometimes considered as pests by desert nomads and thus hunted. Kebili Governorate, Tunisia.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) 'Sultan' tied up in front of a tourist shop in the souk,  Douz,  Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. Unwittingly, tourists support the capture of fennec fox cubs from the wild by pa... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) 'Sultan' tied up in front of a tourist shop in the souk, Douz, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. Unwittingly, tourists support the capture of fennec fox cubs from the wild by pa...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) Sultan tied up in front of a tourist shop in the souk,  Douz,  Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. Unwittingly, tourists support the capture of fennec fox cubs from the wild by pa... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) Sultan tied up in front of a tourist shop in the souk, Douz, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. Unwittingly, tourists support the capture of fennec fox cubs from the wild by pa...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) Sultan tied up in front of a tourist shop in the souk,  Douz,  Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. Unwittingly, tourists support the capture of fennec fox cubs from the wild by pa... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) Sultan tied up in front of a tourist shop in the souk, Douz, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. Unwittingly, tourists support the capture of fennec fox cubs from the wild by pa...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup, aged a few weeks, caught in the wild and shown at a famous camel trekking site for tourists in the hope of either selling it or being paid for photos, Kebili Governorate... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup, aged a few weeks, caught in the wild and shown at a famous camel trekking site for tourists in the hope of either selling it or being paid for photos, Kebili Governorate...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup, aged a few weeks, caught in the wild and shown at a famous camel trekking site for tourists in the hope of either selling it or being paid for photos, Kebili Governorate... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) pup, aged a few weeks, caught in the wild and shown at a famous camel trekking site for tourists in the hope of either selling it or being paid for photos, Kebili Governorate...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) few-weeks old pup caught in the wild and shown at a famous camel trekking site for tourists in the hope of either selling it or being paid for photos, Kebili Governorate. Tun... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) few-weeks old pup caught in the wild and shown at a famous camel trekking site for tourists in the hope of either selling it or being paid for photos, Kebili Governorate. Tun...
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tail hanging as luck charm from the neck of a dromedary, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. April 2013. - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) tail hanging as luck charm from the neck of a dromedary, Kebili Governorate. Tunisia. April 2013.
Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) displayed in the market (souk), of a Tunisian town. This species is adapted to silence and solitude of the desert, this individual that had been caught as an adult showed cle... - Bruno D'Amicis
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Bruno D'Amicis / Fennec fox (Vulpes zerda) displayed in the market (souk), of a Tunisian town. This species is adapted to silence and solitude of the desert, this individual that had been caught as an adult showed cle...
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