Environment & Conservation > Conservation > CITES CoP17 (82) More files...
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between 183 nations, which aims to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants doesn't threaten their survival.

The 17th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES (CoP17) took place in Johannesburg, South Africa between 24 September - 5th October 2016, resulting in several victories for conservation.

• The Parties of CITES voted to give all eight species of pangolin, the most illegally trafficked mammals in the world, the highest level of protection (known as Appendix I). The complete ban on international trade in pangolins and pangolin parts (such as meat and scales, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine) is a crucial step in saving these animals from the brink of extinction.

• African grey parrots - which have dwindled due to their popularity as pets and destruction of their habitat - were also moved to Appendix I, alongside the endangered Barbary macaque, which is poached illegally for circuses, pets, and sometimes zoos.

• By a consensus decision, the CITES Parties placed all 300 species of rosewood under international trade restrictions. The demand for rosewood, driven by a booming luxury furniture market in China, has made it the world's most trafficked wild product, with an annual market value of $2.2bn. Rampant logging has devastated forests in Southeast Asia, but traffickers will no longer be able to pass off illegally felled rosewood timber as legitimate.

• Thresher sharks, silky sharks and devil rays also won new protections at the global wildlife summit. Around 100 million sharks are caught every year, mostly for their fins which are used to make soup. Devil rays are targeted because their gill plates are in high demand for their supposed medicinal properties. Shark fins and ray gills are among the world's most profitable fish commodities (the annual trade in shark fins is worth $1bn alone) but the new trade restrictions on these species is a big step in the right direction.

• Elephants and rhinos were hotly debated by the CITES nations, who agreed unanimously that all domestic ivory markets should be closed and denied a proposal by Swaziland to allow a regulated trade in white rhino horn (which is sought after due to the misplaced belief it can increase fertility).
Temminck's ground pangolin, Botswana - Pete Oxford
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Pete Oxford / Temminck's ground pangolin, Botswana
Malayan / Javan / Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica). Mulhouse Zoo, France. Endemic to Thailand, Burma, Indonesia and other South-East Asian localities. Endangered due to hunting for the Chinese traditio... - Roland Seitre
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Roland Seitre / Malayan / Javan / Sunda Pangolin (Manis javanica). Mulhouse Zoo, France. Endemic to Thailand, Burma, Indonesia and other South-East Asian localities. Endangered due to hunting for the Chinese traditio...
Nocturnal tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) resting during the day in hollow tree. Lokoue, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette, Republic of Congo. - Jabruson
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Jabruson / Nocturnal tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) resting during the day in hollow tree. Lokoue, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette, Republic of Congo.
Hunters putting a Tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) into a sack to go to Bayanga market, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Prefecture, Central African Republic, May 2012. - Jabruson Motion
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Jabruson Motion / Hunters putting a Tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) into a sack to go to Bayanga market, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Prefecture, Central African Republic, May 2012.
Hunters putting a Tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) into a sack to go to Bayanga market, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Prefecture, Central African Republic, May 2012. - Jabruson Motion
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Jabruson Motion / Hunters putting a Tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) into a sack to go to Bayanga market, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Prefecture, Central African Republic, May 2012.
White bellied tree pangolin. (Manis tricuspis) Congo. Epulu Ituri rainforest - Jabruson
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Jabruson / White bellied tree pangolin. (Manis tricuspis) Congo. Epulu Ituri rainforest
Long-tailed Pangolin (Uromanis tetradactyla) unfurling itself from protective posture Lokoue Bai. Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Republic of Congo. - Jabruson
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Jabruson / Long-tailed Pangolin (Uromanis tetradactyla) unfurling itself from protective posture Lokoue Bai. Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Republic of Congo.
Cape pangolin (Smutsia temminckii) foraging at night. South Luangwa National Park, Zambia. - Luke Massey
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Luke Massey / Cape pangolin (Smutsia temminckii) foraging at night. South Luangwa National Park, Zambia.
Nocturnal tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) with wet nose standing on tree during the day in hollow tree. Lokoue, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette, Republic of Congo. - Jabruson
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Jabruson / Nocturnal tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) with wet nose standing on tree during the day in hollow tree. Lokoue, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette, Republic of Congo.
Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in a tree at dusk, Komodo National Park, Indonesia. - Michael Pitts
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Michael Pitts / Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in a tree at dusk, Komodo National Park, Indonesia.
Nocturnal tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) resting during the day in hollow tree. Lokoue, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette, Republic of Congo. - Jabruson
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Jabruson / Nocturnal tree pangolin (Phataginus tricuspis) resting during the day in hollow tree. Lokoue, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette, Republic of Congo.
African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) flock taking off, Lake Lobak / Lobeke National Park, Cameroon, July. - Cyril Ruoso
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Cyril Ruoso / African Grey Parrot (Psittacus erithacus) flock taking off, Lake Lobak / Lobeke National Park, Cameroon, July.
Wild African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) caught by local Bantu people, Democratic Republic of the Congo. - Steve O. Taylor (GHF)
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Steve O. Taylor (GHF) / Wild African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus) caught by local Bantu people, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) in cage, Matche de la Volier (Market of the Thieves), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. May 2012. - Steve O. Taylor (GHF)
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Steve O. Taylor (GHF) / African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) in cage, Matche de la Volier (Market of the Thieves), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. May 2012.
African grey parrot nestlings for sale in market. Goma Town. {Psittacus erithacus} DR of Congo - Jabruson
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Jabruson / African grey parrot nestlings for sale in market. Goma Town. {Psittacus erithacus} DR of Congo
Flock of Congo african grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) feeding on aquatic plants in a forest clearing, Dzanga Bai, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Prefecture, Central African Re... - Jabruson Motion
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Jabruson Motion / Flock of Congo african grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) feeding on aquatic plants in a forest clearing, Dzanga Bai, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Prefecture, Central African Re...
Flock of Congo african grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) taking off from feeding on aquatic plants in a forest clearing, shot pans from right to left with the flock, Dzanga Bai, Dzanga-Ndok... - Jabruson Motion
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Jabruson Motion / Flock of Congo african grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) taking off from feeding on aquatic plants in a forest clearing, shot pans from right to left with the flock, Dzanga Bai, Dzanga-Ndok...
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) sitting on rocks, Upper Rock area of the Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June. - Mark  MacEwen
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Mark MacEwen / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) sitting on rocks, Upper Rock area of the Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June.
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) resting on old canon at sunrise, with view over looking Gibraltar City, Upper Rock area of the Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June. - Mark  MacEwen
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Mark MacEwen / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) resting on old canon at sunrise, with view over looking Gibraltar City, Upper Rock area of the Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June.
Man with performing pet Barbary ape (Macaca sulvanus) Morocco, June 2009 - Pete Oxford
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Pete Oxford / Man with performing pet Barbary ape (Macaca sulvanus) Morocco, June 2009
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) portrait, Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June. - Edwin  Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) portrait, Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June.
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) climbing a tree in the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco. - Pedro  Narra
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Pedro Narra / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) climbing a tree in the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco.
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) yawning in the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco. - Pedro  Narra
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Pedro Narra / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) yawning in the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco.
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) portrait of two sitting together, Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June. - Edwin  Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) portrait of two sitting together, Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June.
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) baby sitting with mother, Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June. - Edwin  Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) baby sitting with mother, Gibraltar Nature Reserve, Gibraltar, June.
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) hanging from a branch in the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains,  Morocco. - Pedro  Narra
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Pedro Narra / Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus) hanging from a branch in the cedar forests of the Middle Atlas Mountains, Morocco.
Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra) a rare and endangered tree of the Atlantic Rainforest, Vale Natural reserve, Espirito Santo State, Eastern Brazil. - Luiz Claudio Marigo
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Luiz Claudio Marigo / Brazilian rosewood (Dalbergia nigra) a rare and endangered tree of the Atlantic Rainforest, Vale Natural reserve, Espirito Santo State, Eastern Brazil.
Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis), Khao Yai National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August. - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis), Khao Yai National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August.
Hardwoods (Rosewood sp.) lying on the quayside in Maroantsetra. Collected illegally from the region of Masoala National Park, north east Madagascar. November 2009. - Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Hardwoods (Rosewood sp.) lying on the quayside in Maroantsetra. Collected illegally from the region of Masoala National Park, north east Madagascar. November 2009.
Stacks of illegally collected wood lying on the quayside in Maroantsetra. From the region of Masoala National Park, north east Madagascar. November 2009. - Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Stacks of illegally collected wood lying on the quayside in Maroantsetra. From the region of Masoala National Park, north east Madagascar. November 2009.
Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) ordained by Buddhist monk, with forest guard, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August, 2014. - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) ordained by Buddhist monk, with forest guard, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August, 2014.
Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis), protected by fence and barbed wire, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August. - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis), protected by fence and barbed wire, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August.
Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) timber confiscated from poachers, stored as evidence, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August. - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) timber confiscated from poachers, stored as evidence, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August.
Siam rosewood tree poachers caught by anti-poaching patrol, Thap Lan national park, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August, 2014. - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Siam rosewood tree poachers caught by anti-poaching patrol, Thap Lan national park, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August, 2014.
Thap Lan rangers unloading Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) timber  confiscated from poachers, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August, 20... - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Thap Lan rangers unloading Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) timber confiscated from poachers, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August, 20...
Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) confiscated from poachers, stored as evidence, Pang Sida National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August. - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) confiscated from poachers, stored as evidence, Pang Sida National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern Thailand, August.
Thap Lan assistant chief Pattarapol Sunhua with Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) timber confiscated from poachers, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern... - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Thap Lan assistant chief Pattarapol Sunhua with Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) timber confiscated from poachers, Thap Lan National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Complex, eastern...
Pang Sida ranger Wisak Thongseekram at evidence store containing Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) confiscated from poachers, Pang Sida National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Comple... - Ann  & Steve Toon
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Ann & Steve Toon / Pang Sida ranger Wisak Thongseekram at evidence store containing Siam rosewood tree (Dalbergia cochinchinensis) confiscated from poachers, Pang Sida National Park, Dong Phayayen-Khao Yai Forest Comple...
Subadult Pelagic thresher shark {Alopias pelagicus} Philippines, Pacific Ocean ~(Non-ex). - Doug Perrine
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Doug Perrine / Subadult Pelagic thresher shark {Alopias pelagicus} Philippines, Pacific Ocean ~(Non-ex).
Subadult Pelagic thresher shark {Alopias pelagicus} Philippines, Pacific Ocean ~(Non-ex). - Doug Perrine
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Doug Perrine / Subadult Pelagic thresher shark {Alopias pelagicus} Philippines, Pacific Ocean ~(Non-ex).
Thresher shark {Alopias vulpinus} caught on line,  Philippines - Jurgen Freund
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Jurgen Freund / Thresher shark {Alopias vulpinus} caught on line, Philippines
Common Thresher Shark (Alopias vulpinus) caught in gill net, Huatabampo, Mexico, Sea of Cortez, Pacific Ocean - Jeff Rotman
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Jeff Rotman / Common Thresher Shark (Alopias vulpinus) caught in gill net, Huatabampo, Mexico, Sea of Cortez, Pacific Ocean
Common Thresher Shark (Alopias vulpinus) caught on gill net being hauled up onto boat, Huatabampo, Mexico, Sea of Cortez, Pacific Ocean. Model released. Model released. - Jeff Rotman
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Jeff Rotman / Common Thresher Shark (Alopias vulpinus) caught on gill net being hauled up onto boat, Huatabampo, Mexico, Sea of Cortez, Pacific Ocean. Model released. Model released.
Silky shark {Carcharhinus falciformis} Bahamas, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean ~(Non-ex). - Doug Perrine
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Doug Perrine / Silky shark {Carcharhinus falciformis} Bahamas, Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean ~(Non-ex).
Shoal of Silky sharks (Carcharhinus falciformis)~Jardines de la Reina National Park, Cuba - Pete Oxford
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Pete Oxford / Shoal of Silky sharks (Carcharhinus falciformis)~Jardines de la Reina National Park, Cuba
Silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) Jardines de la Reina / Gardens of the Queen reefs, South Cuba, Caribbean - Jordi Chias
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Jordi Chias / Silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) Jardines de la Reina / Gardens of the Queen reefs, South Cuba, Caribbean
Silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis)~Jardines de la Reina National Park, Cuba, Caribbean - Pete Oxford
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Pete Oxford / Silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis)~Jardines de la Reina National Park, Cuba, Caribbean
Devilrays (Mobula tarapacana), Ambrosio dive site, Santa Maria Island, Azores, Portugal, Atlantic Ocean - Franco  Banfi
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Franco Banfi / Devilrays (Mobula tarapacana), Ambrosio dive site, Santa Maria Island, Azores, Portugal, Atlantic Ocean
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