Rainforests or Jungles are home to a staggering variety of animal and plant species, many of them little studied and undocumented. The proportion of endangered species in rainforests is especially high, with primates, frogs and parrots of great concern. The main threat to rainforests comes from deforestation for development and agriculture. Millions of hectares of virgin rainforest have been cleared to create palm oil plantations, pushing species such as the Sumatran orangutan to the brink of extinction.
Andy Rouse / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei) silverback in Susa group, Parc National des Volcans, Rwanda
Alex Hyde / Three-striped poison frog (Ameerega trivittata) amongst leaf litter on lowland rainforest floor. Manu Biosphere Reserve, Amazonia, Peru. November.
Nick Garbutt / Dawn over the Segama River, with mist hanging over lowland rainforest. Heart of Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo.
Jabruson / African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) juvenile chasing African Forest Buffalos (Syncerus caffer nanus). Dzanga Bai, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Central African Republic.
Tim Laman/Nat Geo Image Collection / Greater Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea apoda) displaying on canopy lek display site, Badigaki Forest, Wokam Island in the Aru Islands, Indonesia. Winner, Special Award Portfolio, Wildlife Photographer o...
Sandesh Kadur / Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), captive, part of a rehabilitation project, Manas National Park, Kokrajhar, Assam, India.
Enrique Lopez-Tapia / Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) female next to infant, Gunung Leuser National Park, Indonesia, UNESCO World Heritage site, November.
Mark Bowler / Aerial view of Yavari-Mirin River and oxbow lake and Amazon Rainforest, Peru, July.
Pete Oxford / Agua Rica leaf frog (Phyllomedusa ecuatoriana) captive, endemic to Agua Rica, Ecuador. Endangered species.
Thomas Marent / Black-faced Spider Monkey (Ateles chamek) juvenile calling, Tambopata-Candamo Nature Reserve, Peru
Tim Laman/Nat Geo Image Collection / Twelve wired Bird of Paradise (Seleucidis melanoleuca) male displaying to a female at his display pole in the swamp rain forest at Nimbokrang, Papau, Indonesia, Island of New Guinea. Winner, Special A...
Jurgen Freund / Ferns and Tree ferns in tropical rainforest, Philippines 2008
Mark MacEwen / Forest Elephants, (Loxodonta cyclotis) in Dzanga Bai Clearing with forest Buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus) Central African Republic, Africa.
Alex Hyde / View over lowland dipterocarp rainforest at dawn. Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, May 2011.
Alex Hyde / The rim of Maliau Basin on the horizon, towering above the dense rainforest it encloses. Maliau Basin, Sabah, Borneo, May 2011.
Cyril Ruoso / View over tropical rainforest canopy with the Panama Canal. Barro Colorado Island, Gatun Lake, Panama Canal, Panama.
Alex Hyde / Looking up at rainforest canopy, Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica
Tim Laman / Aerial view of lowland rainforest, Borneo, July 2007
Konrad Wothe / Looking up the roots of a Strangler / Curtain Fig Tree (Ficus virens) rainforest, Curtain Fig Tree NP, Atherton Tablelands, Queensland, Australia, October
Konrad Wothe / View up into canopy with sun rays shining through the leaves, lowland rainforest, Panguana Reserve, Huanuco province, Amazon basin, Peru.
Eric Baccega / Young Mountain gorilla swinging on liana and smiling in forest (Gorilla beringei beringei) Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa. Sequence 1 of 5
Anup Shah / Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) female 'Mopambi' carrying her infant 'Sopo' aged 18 months on her back crossing a river in Bai Hokou, Dzanga Sangha Special Dense Forest Reserve, Cent...
Andy Rouse / Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei) family sitting in groupm male looking to camera. Rwanda, Africa
Eric Baccega / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) drinking from a mountain stream. Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park, Uganda, Africa
Anup Shah / Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) female 'Malui' walking through a cloud of butterflies she has disturbed in Bai Hokou, Dzanga Sangha Special Dense Forest Reserve, Central African Repu...
Andy Rouse / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) mother with young, and silverback in background. Virunga Mountains, Rwanda. Non-ex.
Anup Shah / Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) female 'Mopambi' sitting with her playful infant 'Sopo' aged 18 months, Bai Hokou, Dzanga Sangha Special Dense Forest Reserve, Central African Republi...
Fiona Rogers / Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) juvenile male 'Mobangi' aged 5 years standing with sub-adult male 'Kunga' aged 13 years in Bai Hokou, Dzanga Sangha Special Dense Forest Reserve, Cent...
Andy Rouse / Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) mother and baby Rwanda, Africa.
Eric Baccega / Eastern lowland gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri) group grooming in equatorial forest of Kahuzi Biega National Park. The young male in the front has an amputated hand, probably by a trap. South Kivu,...
Christophe Courteau / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) silverback sitting on boundary wall between Volcanoes National Park and a Potato crop, looking into valley. Area to be restored to forest. Rwanda.
Eric Baccega / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) silverback male with female, Virunga National Park, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa, Critically endangered.
Eric Baccega / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) silverback male 'Humba' with a fist full of Driver ants (Dorylus sp) before feeding on them, a socially acquired and transmitted taste, Virunga National Pa...
Eric Baccega / Mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) juvenile female stretching hand out towards camera, member of the Kabirizi group, Virunga National Park, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo, Africa,...
Jabruson / Western Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) silverback skull with butterfly (Belenois theszi). Gorilla diedd from the Ebola Virus, which killed 128 people in the region in 2003 and in 2005 killed 95% of the Gor...
Pete Oxford / African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) at edge of water. Lekoli River, Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Africa. Vulnerable species.
Pete Oxford / African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) in water, Lekoli River, Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Africa. Vulnerable species.
Jabruson Motion / African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) and a flock of Congo african grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus) in a forest clearing, Dzanga Bai, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Sangha-Mbaere Pref...
Pete Oxford / Forest buffalo (Syncerus caffer nanus) wallowing. Lango Bai, Republic of Congo (Congo-Brazzaville), Africa.
Jabruson Motion / Mixed flock of African green pigeons (Treron calvus calvus) and Afep pigeons (Columba unicincta) taking off from a forest clearing, Maya Nord Bai, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette-Ouest Region, Re...
Jabruson Motion / Female Western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) and infant eating soil, Maya Nord Bai, Odzala-Kokoua National Park, Cuvette-Ouest Region, Republic of Congo, 2001.
Jabruson / Western lowland gorillas and Forest elephant in rainforest clearing, Odzala NP, Congo
Jabruson / Western lowland gorilla family foraging in rainforest clearing, Odzala NP, Republic of Congo. Dominant silverback male on right.