Habitats & Hotspots > Hotspots > *Biodiversity Hotspots Overview (102) More files...
The concept of biodiversity hotspots was defined by the British ecologist Norman Myers in 1988, in order to identify the areas of the world that are most important to protect in order to conserve biodiversity. There are now 34 regions of the world listed as biodiversity hotspots, and each has a high percentage of endemic animal and plant species and has lost at least 70% of its original vegetation. Various organisations are involved in conservation programmes related to biodiversity hotspots, including the Critical Ecosystems Partnership Fund and Conservation International.


Wolf-Volcano giant tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra becki) portrait with ground finch (Geospiza sp. ) sitting on foot, Isabela Island, Galapagos. Did you know? Galapagos tortoises have a mutualistic relati...  -  Tui De Roy
01399471
Tui De Roy / Wolf-Volcano giant tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra becki) portrait with ground finch (Geospiza sp. ) sitting on foot, Isabela Island, Galapagos. Did you know? Galapagos tortoises have a mutualistic relati...
Amazilia hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia) flying to Agave flower to feed on it, Chaparri Ecological Reserve, Peru, South America  -  Eric Baccega
01216805
Eric Baccega / Amazilia hummingbird (Amazilia amazilia) flying to Agave flower to feed on it, Chaparri Ecological Reserve, Peru, South America
Marine Iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus), the only marine lizard, basking on volcanic rocks. Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, South America. Book plate from Mark Carwardine's Ultimate Wildlife Experiences.  -  Mark Carwardine
01388573
Mark Carwardine / Marine Iguanas (Amblyrhynchus cristatus), the only marine lizard, basking on volcanic rocks. Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, South America. Book plate from Mark Carwardine's Ultimate Wildlife Experiences.
Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) wild bird visiting rehabilitation center, Kondor Huasi Rehabilitation Center, Hacienda Zuleta, Cayambe, Ecuador. Did you know? The Andean Condor is a national symbol of...  -  Tui De Roy
01402199
Tui De Roy / Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) wild bird visiting rehabilitation center, Kondor Huasi Rehabilitation Center, Hacienda Zuleta, Cayambe, Ecuador. Did you know? The Andean Condor is a national symbol of...
Male Andean Cock-of-the-Rock (Rupicola peruvianus) displaying. Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge, Peru, August.  -  Hermann Brehm
01344648
Hermann Brehm / Male Andean Cock-of-the-Rock (Rupicola peruvianus) displaying. Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge, Peru, August.
Spectacled / Andean Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) cub in tree, Maquipucuna Foundation Cloud Forest Reserve, Andes, Ecuador, South America  -  Pete Oxford
01237903
Pete Oxford / Spectacled / Andean Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) cub in tree, Maquipucuna Foundation Cloud Forest Reserve, Andes, Ecuador, South America
Male green Darwin's Frog (Rhinoderma darwinii) with young in vocal pouch, Chile, December 2012, Vulnerable species  -  Bert  Willaert
01434546
Bert Willaert / Male green Darwin's Frog (Rhinoderma darwinii) with young in vocal pouch, Chile, December 2012, Vulnerable species
View over National Park Nahuelbuta with Araucaria trees, Chile, December 2012  -  Bert Willaert
01434563
Bert Willaert / View over National Park Nahuelbuta with Araucaria trees, Chile, December 2012
Darwin's Fox (Pseudalopex fulvipes) portrait amongst ferns in temperate rainforest, Chiloe Island, Chile, November, Critically Endangered  -  Kevin Schafer
01323065
Kevin Schafer / Darwin's Fox (Pseudalopex fulvipes) portrait amongst ferns in temperate rainforest, Chiloe Island, Chile, November, Critically Endangered
Hyacinth macaws feeding on palm nuts {Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus} Cerrado, Piaui, Brazil. Did you know? Hyacinth macaws are the largest species of flying parrot.  -  Pete Oxford
01125897
Pete Oxford / Hyacinth macaws feeding on palm nuts {Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus} Cerrado, Piaui, Brazil. Did you know? Hyacinth macaws are the largest species of flying parrot.
Buriti palm trees (Mauritia flexuosa) in Jardim de Maytrea (Maytrea's Garden) at Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, Cerrado region of Gois State, Central Brazil.  -  Luiz Claudio Marigo
01217064
Luiz Claudio Marigo / Buriti palm trees (Mauritia flexuosa) in Jardim de Maytrea (Maytrea's Garden) at Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, Cerrado region of Gois State, Central Brazil.
Giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais State, Southeastern Brazil. Endangered  -  Luiz Claudio Marigo
01216854
Luiz Claudio Marigo / Giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) Serra da Canastra National Park, Minas Gerais State, Southeastern Brazil. Endangered
Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) wild, Poco das Antas Reserve, Atlantic Forest, Southeast Brazil, Critically endangered, November. Did you know? More than 400 Golden lion tamarins have bee...  -  Kevin Schafer
01312969
Kevin Schafer / Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) wild, Poco das Antas Reserve, Atlantic Forest, Southeast Brazil, Critically endangered, November. Did you know? More than 400 Golden lion tamarins have bee...
Angelica-do-Brejo trees in atlantic rainforest {Vochysia acuminata} Brazil  -  Luiz Claudio Marigo
01132004
Luiz Claudio Marigo / Angelica-do-Brejo trees in atlantic rainforest {Vochysia acuminata} Brazil
Saffron toucanet {Pteroglossus bailloni} Atlantic rainforest, SE Brazil  -  Luiz Claudio Marigo
01131501
Luiz Claudio Marigo / Saffron toucanet {Pteroglossus bailloni} Atlantic rainforest, SE Brazil
Jaguar {Panthera onca} captive, Belize, Central America  -  Shattil & Rozinski
01162092
Shattil & Rozinski / Jaguar {Panthera onca} captive, Belize, Central America
Oak tree (Quercus sp) in the San Isidro Canyon, Maderas del Carmen Natural Preserve, Coahuila, Mexico  -  Jack Dykinga
01192947
Jack Dykinga / Oak tree (Quercus sp) in the San Isidro Canyon, Maderas del Carmen Natural Preserve, Coahuila, Mexico
Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno) male perched on branch in cloud forest, Los Quetzales National Park, Savegre River Valley, Talamanca Range, Costa Rica, Central America  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
01425002
Juan Carlos Munoz / Quetzal (Pharomachrus mocinno) male perched on branch in cloud forest, Los Quetzales National Park, Savegre River Valley, Talamanca Range, Costa Rica, Central America
Green / Double-crested basilisk (Basiliscus plumifrons) running across water surface, Santa Rita, Costa Rica. Did you know? This amazing lizard is colloquially known as the 'Jesus Christ lizard' for i...  -  Bence Mate
01294443
Bence Mate / Green / Double-crested basilisk (Basiliscus plumifrons) running across water surface, Santa Rita, Costa Rica. Did you know? This amazing lizard is colloquially known as the 'Jesus Christ lizard' for i...
Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) female in flight. Did you know? Monarch buttterflies migrate up to 2500 miles from Mexico to Canada.  -  Stephen Dalton
01276518
Stephen Dalton / Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) female in flight. Did you know? Monarch buttterflies migrate up to 2500 miles from Mexico to Canada.
Horned guan (Oreophasis derbianus) standing in a tree, El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico.  -  TOM MANGELSEN
01434338
TOM MANGELSEN / Horned guan (Oreophasis derbianus) standing in a tree, El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico.
La Hotte big-legged landfrog (Eleutherodactylus apostates), critically endangered, Haiti, captive  -  Claudio Contreras
01335024
Claudio Contreras / La Hotte big-legged landfrog (Eleutherodactylus apostates), critically endangered, Haiti, captive
Cloud forest, Pic Macaya National Park, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti, October 2010  -  Claudio Contreras
01334990
Claudio Contreras / Cloud forest, Pic Macaya National Park, Massif de la Hotte, Haiti, October 2010
Jamaican tody {Todus todus} Blue Mountains, Jamaica.  -  Rolf Nussbaumer
01144423
Rolf Nussbaumer / Jamaican tody {Todus todus} Blue Mountains, Jamaica.
Morning sun rays breaking through the tree trunks,  of Redwood National Park, California, USA. June 2008.  -  Floris van Breugel
01300646
Floris van Breugel / Morning sun rays breaking through the tree trunks, of Redwood National Park, California, USA. June 2008.
Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna) stretching, Mount Diablo State Park, California, USA, March  -  Floris  van Breugel
01410451
Floris van Breugel / Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna) stretching, Mount Diablo State Park, California, USA, March
Aerial view of spring wildflower displays, Phacelia (purple) San Joaquin Blazing Star (orange) and Coreopsis (yellow) Temblor Range, Carrizo Plain National Monument in California, USA, April 2010  -  Floris van Breugel
01312145
Floris van Breugel / Aerial view of spring wildflower displays, Phacelia (purple) San Joaquin Blazing Star (orange) and Coreopsis (yellow) Temblor Range, Carrizo Plain National Monument in California, USA, April 2010
Himalayan Griffon Vulture (Gyps himalayensis) in flight against snowy mountainside. Naryn National Park, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, November.  -  Eric Dragesco
01345025
Eric Dragesco / Himalayan Griffon Vulture (Gyps himalayensis) in flight against snowy mountainside. Naryn National Park, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, November.
Wild female Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) portrait, standing camouflaged on rocky mountainside, at an altitude of 2500m, Altai mountains, Mongolia. July . NB-This female probably has cubs: the fur aro...  -  Eric Dragesco
01318644
Eric Dragesco / Wild female Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia) portrait, standing camouflaged on rocky mountainside, at an altitude of 2500m, Altai mountains, Mongolia. July . NB-This female probably has cubs: the fur aro...
A large herd of Tien Shan Argali (Ovis ammon karelini) making tracks through snow. Naryn National Park, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, November.  -  Eric Dragesco
01345076
Eric Dragesco / A large herd of Tien Shan Argali (Ovis ammon karelini) making tracks through snow. Naryn National Park, Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, November.
Spanish / Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardina) cub portrait, part of a breeding and reintroduction program. Captive: critically endangered. Andalusia, Spain, June 2006.  -  Roland Seitre
01386509
Roland Seitre / Spanish / Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardina) cub portrait, part of a breeding and reintroduction program. Captive: critically endangered. Andalusia, Spain, June 2006.
Eleonora's falcon (Falco eleonorae) in flight, Andros, Greece, September 2008  -  Wild Wonders of Europe / Unterthiner
01243613
Wild Wonders of Europe / Unterthiner / Eleonora's falcon (Falco eleonorae) in flight, Andros, Greece, September 2008
Baker's Tulip (Tulipa bakeri / saxatilis) in flower, Omalos, Crete, April  -  Paul Harcourt Davies
01429443
Paul Harcourt Davies / Baker's Tulip (Tulipa bakeri / saxatilis) in flower, Omalos, Crete, April
Turkmenian Wild Ass / Kulan (Equus hemionus kulan) Badkhyz, Turkmenistan. Endangered.  -  Dr. Gertrud Neumann-Denzau
01434466
Dr. Gertrud Neumann-Denzau / Turkmenian Wild Ass / Kulan (Equus hemionus kulan) Badkhyz, Turkmenistan. Endangered.
Two Great gerbils (Rhombomis opimus) standing on hind legs, Badkhyz Reserve, Turkmenistan  -  Gertrud & Helmut Denzau
01445602
Gertrud & Helmut Denzau / Two Great gerbils (Rhombomis opimus) standing on hind legs, Badkhyz Reserve, Turkmenistan
Central asian cobra {Naja oxiana} with head raised, Turkmenistan  -  Gertrud & Helmut Denzau
01061465
Gertrud & Helmut Denzau / Central asian cobra {Naja oxiana} with head raised, Turkmenistan
Caucasian rhododendron (Rhododendron caucasium) flowers with Mount Elbrus in the distance, Caucasus, Russia, June 2008  -  Wild Wonders of Europe / Schandy
01242143
Wild Wonders of Europe / Schandy / Caucasian rhododendron (Rhododendron caucasium) flowers with Mount Elbrus in the distance, Caucasus, Russia, June 2008
West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica) Female,  Highlands of West Caucasus Mountains in the Bezengi area, Kabardino-Balkaria Republic, Kabardino-Balkarsky State Nature Reserve, Russia.  -  Konstantin Mikhailov
01328167
Konstantin Mikhailov / West Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica) Female, Highlands of West Caucasus Mountains in the Bezengi area, Kabardino-Balkaria Republic, Kabardino-Balkarsky State Nature Reserve, Russia.
Male Caucasian salamander (Mertensiella caucasica), Mtirala National Park, Georgia, September.  -  Bert Willaert
01409179
Bert Willaert / Male Caucasian salamander (Mertensiella caucasica), Mtirala National Park, Georgia, September.
Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) mother with cub riding on her back. Karnataka, India, April. Did you know? The sloth bear is the only bear that carries its young on its back.  -  Axel Gomille
01347241
Axel Gomille / Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) mother with cub riding on her back. Karnataka, India, April. Did you know? The sloth bear is the only bear that carries its young on its back.
Sri Lanka Green Pit Viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) Sinharaja rainforest, Sri Lanka  -  Ian Lockwood
01300964
Ian Lockwood / Sri Lanka Green Pit Viper (Trimeresurus trigonocephalus) Sinharaja rainforest, Sri Lanka
Common peafowl (Pavo cristatus) perched on trees at dawn, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
01388716
Sandesh Kadur / Common peafowl (Pavo cristatus) perched on trees at dawn, Western Ghats, Southern India
Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) pair in nesting territory, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Endangered. Did you know? Maleos don't incubate their eggs, instead they lay them in the sand on beaches where the sun keeps...  -  Kevin Schafer
01372268
Kevin Schafer / Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) pair in nesting territory, Sulawesi, Indonesia, Endangered. Did you know? Maleos don't incubate their eggs, instead they lay them in the sand on beaches where the sun keeps...
01299006
Male Sulawesi red-knobbed hornbill (Aceros cassidix) head portrait, captive  -  Edwin Giesbers
01364572
Edwin Giesbers / Male Sulawesi red-knobbed hornbill (Aceros cassidix) head portrait, captive
Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) mature male head and shoulders portrait. Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, April. Did you know? A Proboscis monkey's nose can reach up to a quarter of...  -  Fiona Rogers
01352008
Fiona Rogers / Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) mature male head and shoulders portrait. Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, April. Did you know? A Proboscis monkey's nose can reach up to a quarter of...
Head portrait of Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) Captive-Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary, within Way Kambas National Park, Lampung Province, southern Sumatra, Indonesia  -  Mark Carwardine
01299536
Mark Carwardine / Head portrait of Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) Captive-Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary, within Way Kambas National Park, Lampung Province, southern Sumatra, Indonesia
Adult Violin Beetle (Mormolyce borneensis) on decaying leaf on the rain forest floor. Near Ginseng Camp in the heart of Maliau Basin - Sabah's 'Lost World'. Maliau Basin, Borneo.  -  Nick Garbutt
01365206
Nick Garbutt / Adult Violin Beetle (Mormolyce borneensis) on decaying leaf on the rain forest floor. Near Ginseng Camp in the heart of Maliau Basin - Sabah's 'Lost World'. Maliau Basin, Borneo.
Next page