Habitats & Hotspots > Hotspots > Horn of Africa (85) More files...
The Horn of Africa is one of only two entirely arid hotspots. It extends from Oman and Yemen through Eritrea and Somalia to parts of Ethiopia and Kenya. It is notable for endemic plants, with more than 2700 species. Both the frankincense and myrrh trees are native to this region. It is one of the most degraded of the world's hotspots, due to overgrazing and charcoal harvesting. Endemic mammals include the Hamadryas baboon, Speke's pectinator and 3 species of antelope.
Pygmy Socotran Leaf-toed Gecko (Hemidactylus inintellectus) in habitat, endemic to Socotra Archipelago Island, Socotra, Yemen.  -  Visuals  Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Pygmy Socotran Leaf-toed Gecko (Hemidactylus inintellectus) in habitat, endemic to Socotra Archipelago Island, Socotra, Yemen.
Dragons blood tree (Dracena cinnibaris) in mountainous desert, Socotra, Yemen, February 2007. Did you know? Dragons blood trees are so called because of the red sap they produce.  -  Neil Lucas
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Neil Lucas / Dragons blood tree (Dracena cinnibaris) in mountainous desert, Socotra, Yemen, February 2007. Did you know? Dragons blood trees are so called because of the red sap they produce.
Monarch Chameleon (Chamaeleo monachus) walking on the ground, Socotra Archipelago Island, Socotra, Yemen.  -  Visuals  Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Monarch Chameleon (Chamaeleo monachus) walking on the ground, Socotra Archipelago Island, Socotra, Yemen.
TV Rock, near Ras Al Hadd, on central coast of Oman, November  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / TV Rock, near Ras Al Hadd, on central coast of Oman, November
Socotran Rock Gecko (Hemidactylus inintellectus) on rocks, Socotra, Yemen.  -  Visuals  Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Socotran Rock Gecko (Hemidactylus inintellectus) on rocks, Socotra, Yemen.
Golden winged grosbeak {Rhynchostruthus socotranus socotranus} at water, Wadi Ayhaft, Socotra, Yemen  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Golden winged grosbeak {Rhynchostruthus socotranus socotranus} at water, Wadi Ayhaft, Socotra, Yemen
Socotra cormorant {Phalacrocorax nigrogularis} flock on beach, Oman, November  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Socotra cormorant {Phalacrocorax nigrogularis} flock on beach, Oman, November
Mineral deposits at the Dallol hydrothermal site on the Karoum salt lake, Danakil depression,  northern Ethiopia, February 2009  -  Loic Poidevin
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Loic Poidevin / Mineral deposits at the Dallol hydrothermal site on the Karoum salt lake, Danakil depression, northern Ethiopia, February 2009
Wall Lizard (Mesalina balfouri) endemic to Socotra, in habitat, Archipelago Island, Socotra, Yemen.  -  Visuals  Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Wall Lizard (Mesalina balfouri) endemic to Socotra, in habitat, Archipelago Island, Socotra, Yemen.
Nubian ibex {Capra ibex nubiana} male walking along ridge, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Nubian ibex {Capra ibex nubiana} male walking along ridge, Oman
Chameleon (Chamaeleo monachus), Socotra, Yemen.  -  Visuals  Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Chameleon (Chamaeleo monachus), Socotra, Yemen.
Giant Crab Spider (Olios giganteus) hunting prey, Socotra, Yemen.  -  Visuals Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Giant Crab Spider (Olios giganteus) hunting prey, Socotra, Yemen.
Abdel Kuri Rock Gecko (Pristurus abdelkuri) basking on marine fossils. Endemic to Socotra.  -  Visuals  Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Abdel Kuri Rock Gecko (Pristurus abdelkuri) basking on marine fossils. Endemic to Socotra.
Dragons blood trees (Dracena cinnibaris) in mountainous desert, Socotra, Yemen, February 2007  -  Neil Lucas
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Neil Lucas / Dragons blood trees (Dracena cinnibaris) in mountainous desert, Socotra, Yemen, February 2007
Frankincense tree {Boswellia sacra} in flower, Dhofar, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Frankincense tree {Boswellia sacra} in flower, Dhofar, Oman
Desert hyacinth plants {Cistanche tubulosa} Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Desert hyacinth plants {Cistanche tubulosa} Oman
Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) in flight low over desert, Sultanate of Oman  -  Markus Varesvuo
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Markus Varesvuo / Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) in flight low over desert, Sultanate of Oman
Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) surfacing near land, part of a population that may be non-migratory, Indian Ocean, Oman, March.  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) surfacing near land, part of a population that may be non-migratory, Indian Ocean, Oman, March.
Wadi Shuwaymiyah, a dry riverbed (wadi) with acacia trees at the bottom of a towering mountain side, Oman, March  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Wadi Shuwaymiyah, a dry riverbed (wadi) with acacia trees at the bottom of a towering mountain side, Oman, March
Tree growing in sand dune desert landscape, Barik, Oman  -  Hanne Jens Eriksen
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Hanne Jens Eriksen / Tree growing in sand dune desert landscape, Barik, Oman
Dragon's blood tree (Dracaena serrulata) at high elevation in Dhofar Mountains, Oman, January  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Dragon's blood tree (Dracaena serrulata) at high elevation in Dhofar Mountains, Oman, January
The Dragon Blood Tree forest (Dracaena cinnabari), Socotra, Yemen  -  Visuals Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / The Dragon Blood Tree forest (Dracaena cinnabari), Socotra, Yemen
Two Dragons blood trees (Dracena cinnibaris) Momi Valley, Mountains, Socotra, Yemen, June 2007  -  Neil Lucas
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Neil Lucas / Two Dragons blood trees (Dracena cinnibaris) Momi Valley, Mountains, Socotra, Yemen, June 2007
Dallol hot springs where water heated by magma laden with potassium, sulphur and iron spews up through salt pans staining the salt deposits with vivid colours, in the bottom of the Rift Valley, 120 me...  -  Chadden Hunter
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Chadden Hunter / Dallol hot springs where water heated by magma laden with potassium, sulphur and iron spews up through salt pans staining the salt deposits with vivid colours, in the bottom of the Rift Valley, 120 me...
Mineral deposits at the Dallol hydrothermal site, Salt lake Karoum, Danakil depression, Ethiopia, February 2009  -  Loic Poidevin
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Loic Poidevin / Mineral deposits at the Dallol hydrothermal site, Salt lake Karoum, Danakil depression, Ethiopia, February 2009
Mineral deposits at the Dallol hydrothermal site on the Karoum salt lake, Danakil depression,  northern Ethiopia, February 2009  -  Loic Poidevin
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Loic Poidevin / Mineral deposits at the Dallol hydrothermal site on the Karoum salt lake, Danakil depression, northern Ethiopia, February 2009
Lake Karoum, hexagonal plates of salt softened after the rains, Danakil depression, Ethiopia, February 2009  -  Loic Poidevin
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Loic Poidevin / Lake Karoum, hexagonal plates of salt softened after the rains, Danakil depression, Ethiopia, February 2009
Lake Karoum, overlapping hexagonal plates of salt softened after the rains, Danakil depression, Ethiopia, February 2009  -  Loic Poidevin
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Loic Poidevin / Lake Karoum, overlapping hexagonal plates of salt softened after the rains, Danakil depression, Ethiopia, February 2009
Aerial view of ragged desolate coastline of Djibouti, at entrance to Red Sea, East Africa  -  Marguerite Smits Van Oyen
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Marguerite Smits Van Oyen / Aerial view of ragged desolate coastline of Djibouti, at entrance to Red Sea, East Africa
The southern coast of Socotra, Yemen, December 2008  -  Visuals Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / The southern coast of Socotra, Yemen, December 2008
Hagenia abyssinica in flower, Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia endemic  -  Elio Della Ferrera
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Elio Della Ferrera / Hagenia abyssinica in flower, Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia endemic
Socotran desert rose {Adenium obesum sokotranum} flowers, Dieksum, Socotra Island, Yemen  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Socotran desert rose {Adenium obesum sokotranum} flowers, Dieksum, Socotra Island, Yemen
Two Asteriscus hierochunticus (Asteriscus hierochunticus) plants flowering, Oman, April  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Two Asteriscus hierochunticus (Asteriscus hierochunticus) plants flowering, Oman, April
Desert Rose (Adenium obesum socotranum) in flower, Momi Valley, Socotra, Yemen, February 2007  -  Neil Lucas
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Neil Lucas / Desert Rose (Adenium obesum socotranum) in flower, Momi Valley, Socotra, Yemen, February 2007
Cucumber trees {Dendrosicyos socotrana} on coast near Hadibo, Socotra, Yemen  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Cucumber trees {Dendrosicyos socotrana} on coast near Hadibo, Socotra, Yemen
Lake Assal shoreline -  Africas lowest point at 515 feet below sea level, Djibouti, March 2008  -  Michael Pitts
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Michael Pitts / Lake Assal shoreline - Africas lowest point at 515 feet below sea level, Djibouti, March 2008
Lesser crested tern {Thalasseus bengalensis} flock on beach, large gulls and waves in background, Socotra, Yemen  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Lesser crested tern {Thalasseus bengalensis} flock on beach, large gulls and waves in background, Socotra, Yemen
Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) Adults feeding fledgling in colony. Saudi Arabia - Arabian Gulf.  -  Michael Pitts
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Michael Pitts / Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) Adults feeding fledgling in colony. Saudi Arabia - Arabian Gulf.
Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) Fledgling in colony. Saudi Arabia - Arabian Gulf.  -  Michael Pitts
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Michael Pitts / Socotra Cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) Fledgling in colony. Saudi Arabia - Arabian Gulf.
Socotra cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) on water, Oman, September  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Socotra cormorant (Phalacrocorax nigrogularis) on water, Oman, September
Arabian red fox (Vulpes vulpes arabica) running, Oman, September  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian red fox (Vulpes vulpes arabica) running, Oman, September
Arabian oryx {Oryx leucoryx} two fighting, Jiddat Al Harasis, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian oryx {Oryx leucoryx} two fighting, Jiddat Al Harasis, Oman
Arabian oryx young {Oryx leucoryx} Jaaluni, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian oryx young {Oryx leucoryx} Jaaluni, Oman
Arabian oryx {Oryx leucoryx} close-up, head only, Jiddat al Harasis, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian oryx {Oryx leucoryx} close-up, head only, Jiddat al Harasis, Oman
Arabian Oryx {Oryx leucoryx} mother (tagged) with calf in temporary enclosure, Jaaluni, Oman captive  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian Oryx {Oryx leucoryx} mother (tagged) with calf in temporary enclosure, Jaaluni, Oman captive
Arabian gazelle {Gazella gazella} reaching up to feed on Acacia, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian gazelle {Gazella gazella} reaching up to feed on Acacia, Oman
Arabian gazelle {Gazella gazella} and Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse {Pterocles exustus} drinking from pool of water, Oman  -  Hanne & Jens Eriksen
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Hanne & Jens Eriksen / Arabian gazelle {Gazella gazella} and Chestnut-bellied sandgrouse {Pterocles exustus} drinking from pool of water, Oman
Desert Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus delamerei), a sub-species of warthog thought extinct until rediscovery in the late 20th century, in water. Tsavo National Park, Kenya, January 2009.  -  Roland Seitre
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Roland Seitre / Desert Warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus delamerei), a sub-species of warthog thought extinct until rediscovery in the late 20th century, in water. Tsavo National Park, Kenya, January 2009.
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