Habitats & Hotspots > Hotspots > Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands (39) More files...
The Madrean Pine-Oak Woodland hotspot covers Mexico's main mountain chains, plus isolated mountain top islands in the US states of New Mexico and Arizona. It is renowned for plant biodiversity, including 40 species of pines and 135 species of oaks (of which 85 are endemic). The greatest wildlife spectacle of this hotspot is the annual overwintering of 100-150 million monarch butterflies. The main threat to this hotspot is from unsustainable logging of both pines and oaks.
Agave (Agave americana protoamericana) in a forest of Oak trees, Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01167421
Jack Dykinga / Agave (Agave americana protoamericana) in a forest of Oak trees, Sierra Madre Oriental mountain range, Mexico
Yucca plants growing amid Pinyon pines (Pinus edulis) and oaks (Quercus sp) in the forests of Maderas del Carmen Natural Reserve, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01192905
Jack Dykinga / Yucca plants growing amid Pinyon pines (Pinus edulis) and oaks (Quercus sp) in the forests of Maderas del Carmen Natural Reserve, Mexico
Oak tree (Quercus sp) in the San Isidro Canyon, Maderas del Carmen Natural Preserve, Coahuila, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01192947
Jack Dykinga / Oak tree (Quercus sp) in the San Isidro Canyon, Maderas del Carmen Natural Preserve, Coahuila, Mexico
Soaptree yucca (Yucca elata) plant and oaks (Quercus sp) on the rocky banks of a stream in San Isidro Canyon, Maderas del Carmen Natural Reserve, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01192909
Jack Dykinga / Soaptree yucca (Yucca elata) plant and oaks (Quercus sp) on the rocky banks of a stream in San Isidro Canyon, Maderas del Carmen Natural Reserve, Mexico
Flowering Yucca (Yucca sp) amongst fog-shrouded oaks (Quercus sp) in Sierra Tamaulipas, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01193520
Jack Dykinga / Flowering Yucca (Yucca sp) amongst fog-shrouded oaks (Quercus sp) in Sierra Tamaulipas, Mexico
Thick-billed parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha) captive, endangered species.  Endemic to Mexico. - Roland Seitre
01474561
Roland Seitre / Thick-billed parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha) captive, endangered species. Endemic to Mexico.
Flowering bromeliad (Tillandsia sp) amongst oak Quercus sp) forest in El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01193519
Jack Dykinga / Flowering bromeliad (Tillandsia sp) amongst oak Quercus sp) forest in El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Bearded Wood-Partridge (Dendrortyx barbatus) captive, endemic to Mexico. Vulnerable species. - Roland Seitre
01474560
Roland Seitre / Bearded Wood-Partridge (Dendrortyx barbatus) captive, endemic to Mexico. Vulnerable species.
Volcano Rabbit (Romerolagus diazi) captive, endemic to four volcanoes outside Mexico City, Mexico. Endangered species. - Roland Seitre
01474584
Roland Seitre / Volcano Rabbit (Romerolagus diazi) captive, endemic to four volcanoes outside Mexico City, Mexico. Endangered species.
Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) female in flight. Did you know? Monarch buttterflies migrate up to 2500 miles from Mexico to Canada. - Stephen Dalton
01276518
Stephen Dalton / Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) female in flight. Did you know? Monarch buttterflies migrate up to 2500 miles from Mexico to Canada.
Hibernating Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) El Rosario Colony, Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, Mexico, February - Claudio Contreras
01258372
Claudio Contreras / Hibernating Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) El Rosario Colony, Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, Mexico, February
Monarch Butterflies (Danaus plexippus) covering the trunk of a coniferous tree, Sierra Chincua Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, Michoacan, Mexico, Central America - Jack Dykinga
01180285
Jack Dykinga / Monarch Butterflies (Danaus plexippus) covering the trunk of a coniferous tree, Sierra Chincua Monarch Butterfly Biosphere Reserve, Michoacan, Mexico, Central America
Clouds of Monarch butterflies {Danaus plexippus} flying and resting on trees while on migration, Miochacan, Mexico, January 1997 - Inaki Relanzon
01200015
Inaki Relanzon / Clouds of Monarch butterflies {Danaus plexippus} flying and resting on trees while on migration, Miochacan, Mexico, January 1997
Cloud of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198334
Ingo Arndt / Cloud of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico
Colony of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) hibernating on Oyamel fir trees (Abies religiosa) El Zacatal Colony, Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, Mexico, December 1996 - Claudio Contreras
01258500
Claudio Contreras / Colony of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) hibernating on Oyamel fir trees (Abies religiosa) El Zacatal Colony, Monarch Butterfly Sanctuary, Mexico, December 1996
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying in warmth of midday sun, overwintering colony in Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198047
Ingo Arndt / Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying in warmth of midday sun, overwintering colony in Michoacan, Mexico
Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) hibernating, Mariposa Monarca Special Biosphere Reserve, central Mexico, January. - Claudio Contreras
01407719
Claudio Contreras / Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) hibernating, Mariposa Monarca Special Biosphere Reserve, central Mexico, January.
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) gathered to drink, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198372
Ingo Arndt / Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) gathered to drink, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico
Aerial view of the coniferous forests, with Oyamel fir trees  where Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) overwinter, central highlands, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198153
Ingo Arndt / Aerial view of the coniferous forests, with Oyamel fir trees where Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) overwinter, central highlands, Michoacan, Mexico
Aerial view of a colony of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) overwintering in trees, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198353
Ingo Arndt / Aerial view of a colony of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) overwintering in trees, Michoacan, Mexico
Bell's false brook salamander (Pseudoeurycea bellii) camouflaged on leaf litter, Huichol Sierra, western Mexico, July - Claudio Contreras
01258483
Claudio Contreras / Bell's false brook salamander (Pseudoeurycea bellii) camouflaged on leaf litter, Huichol Sierra, western Mexico, July
Barking frog {Eleutherodactylus augusti} Mexico. - Barry Mansell
01125217
Barry Mansell / Barking frog {Eleutherodactylus augusti} Mexico.
Thick billed parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha) Chihuahua, Mexico - Patricio Robles Gil
01127321
Patricio Robles Gil / Thick billed parrot (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha) Chihuahua, Mexico
Thick billed parrot, native to Mexico. Endangered species - Rod Williams
01076877
Rod Williams / Thick billed parrot, native to Mexico. Endangered species
Slevin's Bunchgrass Lizard (Sceloporus slevini) against bark. Sierra de Ajos National Forest, northwest Mexico, July. - Claudio Contreras
01391498
Claudio Contreras / Slevin's Bunchgrass Lizard (Sceloporus slevini) against bark. Sierra de Ajos National Forest, northwest Mexico, July.
Horned guan (Oreophasis derbianus) standing in a tree, El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico. - TOM MANGELSEN
01434338
TOM MANGELSEN / Horned guan (Oreophasis derbianus) standing in a tree, El Triunfo Biosphere Reserve, Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Mexico.
Flowering Yucca (Yucca sp) amongst fog-shrouded oaks draped with spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides), Sierra Tamaulipas, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01193523
Jack Dykinga / Flowering Yucca (Yucca sp) amongst fog-shrouded oaks draped with spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides), Sierra Tamaulipas, Mexico
Giant Sabino tree (Taxodium sp) with agaves (Agave sp) growing on its branches, beside a pool at Minas Viejas Falls in San Luis Potosi, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01192859
Jack Dykinga / Giant Sabino tree (Taxodium sp) with agaves (Agave sp) growing on its branches, beside a pool at Minas Viejas Falls in San Luis Potosi, Mexico
Pine tree draped with moss, and a bromeliad growing on it, in the cloud forest of El Cielo Biosphere Reserve on a misty morning. Tamaulipas, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01192895
Jack Dykinga / Pine tree draped with moss, and a bromeliad growing on it, in the cloud forest of El Cielo Biosphere Reserve on a misty morning. Tamaulipas, Mexico
Rain-soaked ferns, mosses, and bromeliads growing on trees in a cloud forest, El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01167427
Jack Dykinga / Rain-soaked ferns, mosses, and bromeliads growing on trees in a cloud forest, El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Pine (Pinus sp) drapped with moss silhouetted against a colourful foggy sunrise, a cloud forest, El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico - Jack Dykinga
01167425
Jack Dykinga / Pine (Pinus sp) drapped with moss silhouetted against a colourful foggy sunrise, a cloud forest, El Cielo Biosphere Reserve, Tamaulipas, Mexico
Arizona / Madrean Alligator Lizard (Elgaria kingii nobilis) basking on a rock. Controlled conditions. Chiricahua mountains, Arizona, USA, August. - Daniel Heuclin
01339912
Daniel Heuclin / Arizona / Madrean Alligator Lizard (Elgaria kingii nobilis) basking on a rock. Controlled conditions. Chiricahua mountains, Arizona, USA, August.
Sonoran / Madrean Alligator Lizard (Gerrhonotus kingii) Texas, USA - Barry Mansell
01156323
Barry Mansell / Sonoran / Madrean Alligator Lizard (Gerrhonotus kingii) Texas, USA
Bark of the Sugar pine tree (Pinus lambertiana) California, USA. - Visuals Unlimited
01304853
Visuals Unlimited / Bark of the Sugar pine tree (Pinus lambertiana) California, USA.
Abstract view of Sugar Pine Tree bark (Pinus lambertiana) Yosemite NP, California, USA - David Welling
01007006
David Welling / Abstract view of Sugar Pine Tree bark (Pinus lambertiana) Yosemite NP, California, USA
Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) hibernating in Sacred Fir (Abies religiosa) forest, Mariposa Monarca Special Biosphere Reserve, central Mexico, January. - Claudio Contreras
01407720
Claudio Contreras / Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) hibernating in Sacred Fir (Abies religiosa) forest, Mariposa Monarca Special Biosphere Reserve, central Mexico, January.
Cloud of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198343
Ingo Arndt / Cloud of Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) drinking from pool of water, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198077
Ingo Arndt / Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) drinking from pool of water, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying amongst trees, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico - Ingo Arndt
01198126
Ingo Arndt / Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) flying amongst trees, overwintering colony, Michoacan, Mexico