Habitats & Hotspots > Hotspots > Western Ghats & Sri Lanka (104) More files...
The Western Ghats and Sri Lanka hotspot extends in a narrow strip through south-west India and into the geologically related island of Sri Lanka. It is characterised by high rainfall on its western side due to the monsoon. This region's forests have been severely depleted, mainly due to population pressure, logging and agricultural development. Enemism is especially high amongst reptiles and amphibians, but also includes two large mammal species - the Nilgiri tahr and the lion-tailed macaque.
View of river, and surrounding grassland, Horton Plane National Park, Sri Lanka, June 2010  -  Fabio Liverani
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Fabio Liverani / View of river, and surrounding grassland, Horton Plane National Park, Sri Lanka, June 2010
Flame of the forest trees flowering on a tea plantation near Hatton, Central Highlands, Sri Lanka. December 2011.  -  David Noton
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David Noton / Flame of the forest trees flowering on a tea plantation near Hatton, Central Highlands, Sri Lanka. December 2011.
View of river, and surrounding forest and grassland, Horton Plane National Park, Sri Lanka, June 2010  -  Fabio Liverani
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Fabio Liverani / View of river, and surrounding forest and grassland, Horton Plane National Park, Sri Lanka, June 2010
Shola forest at Pillar Rocks shunted montane tropical rainforest, Western Ghats, Palni Hills, Tamil Nadu India  -  Ian Lockwood
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Ian Lockwood / Shola forest at Pillar Rocks shunted montane tropical rainforest, Western Ghats, Palni Hills, Tamil Nadu India
The River Cauvery  at dusk. Originating in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and Kerala, the Cauvery catchment area requires full protection if it is to sustain the ever-increasing needs of the land it s...  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / The River Cauvery at dusk. Originating in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and Kerala, the Cauvery catchment area requires full protection if it is to sustain the ever-increasing needs of the land it s...
Malabar coast moist deciduous forests, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Malabar coast moist deciduous forests, Western Ghats, Southern India
Jog Falls on the Sharavathy river, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Jog Falls on the Sharavathy river, Western Ghats, Southern India
Ravana Ella Falls, Ella Gap, Southern Highlands, Sri Lanka. December 2011.  -  David Noton
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David Noton / Ravana Ella Falls, Ella Gap, Southern Highlands, Sri Lanka. December 2011.
Inside Shola tropical rainforest, indigenous forest habitat, Palni Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, Southern India  -  Ian Lockwood
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Ian Lockwood / Inside Shola tropical rainforest, indigenous forest habitat, Palni Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, Southern India
Entire hillside covered with flowers of Kurinji plant (Strobilanthes sp) Eravikulam National Park, Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Flowering only occurs once every twelve years.  The next flowering of t...  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Entire hillside covered with flowers of Kurinji plant (Strobilanthes sp) Eravikulam National Park, Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Flowering only occurs once every twelve years. The next flowering of t...
Entire hillside covered with flowers of Kurinji plant (Strobilanthes sp) Eravikulam National Park, Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Flowering only occurs once every twelve years,  The next flowering of t...  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Entire hillside covered with flowers of Kurinji plant (Strobilanthes sp) Eravikulam National Park, Western Ghats, Kerala, India. Flowering only occurs once every twelve years, The next flowering of t...
This large tree (Euphorbia santapaui) is endemic to the inhospitable slopes of the Agasthyamalais. It grows in this rocky terrain at an elevation of 1,800 metres where rain and wind are constant. West...  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / This large tree (Euphorbia santapaui) is endemic to the inhospitable slopes of the Agasthyamalais. It grows in this rocky terrain at an elevation of 1,800 metres where rain and wind are constant. West...
Shola grassland plant, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Shola grassland plant, Western Ghats, Southern India
Common peafowl (Pavo cristatus) perched on trees at dawn, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Common peafowl (Pavo cristatus) perched on trees at dawn, Western Ghats, Southern India
Tropical rainforest canopy, Western Ghats, Kerala, southern India  -  Elio Della Ferrera
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Elio Della Ferrera / Tropical rainforest canopy, Western Ghats, Kerala, southern India
Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) watching prey, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (non-ex)  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) watching prey, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (non-ex)
Veiled fungus {Phallus sp} and Michelia fruit Sri Lanka, tropical wet evergreen forest floor  -  Elio Della Ferrera
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Elio Della Ferrera / Veiled fungus {Phallus sp} and Michelia fruit Sri Lanka, tropical wet evergreen forest floor
Encounter between sub-adult Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) and a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa). Karnataka, India, March.  -  Axel Gomille
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Axel Gomille / Encounter between sub-adult Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) and a Wild Boar (Sus scrofa). Karnataka, India, March.
Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) mother with cub riding on her back. Karnataka, India, April. Did you know? The sloth bear is the only bear that carries its young on its back.  -  Axel Gomille
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Axel Gomille / Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) mother with cub riding on her back. Karnataka, India, April. Did you know? The sloth bear is the only bear that carries its young on its back.
Portrait of a young adult male Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) standing on hind legs by a rock. Karnataka, India, March.  -  Axel Gomille
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Axel Gomille / Portrait of a young adult male Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) standing on hind legs by a rock. Karnataka, India, March.
Stripe-necked Mongoose (Herpestes viticollis) foraging, the largest mongoose in Asia. Western Ghats, South India.  -  Axel Gomille
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Axel Gomille / Stripe-necked Mongoose (Herpestes viticollis) foraging, the largest mongoose in Asia. Western Ghats, South India.
Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) watching prey, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (non-ex)  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) watching prey, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (non-ex)
Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus Kotiya) pair, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (non-ex)  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus Kotiya) pair, Yala National Park, Sri Lanka (non-ex)
Rusty spotted cat {Felis rubiginosus phillipsi} male hunting at night, captive, from Sri Lanka, vulnerable species  -  Rod Williams
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Rod Williams / Rusty spotted cat {Felis rubiginosus phillipsi} male hunting at night, captive, from Sri Lanka, vulnerable species
Wild Gaur (Bos gaurus) with birds on skin, feeding on insects, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Wild Gaur (Bos gaurus) with birds on skin, feeding on insects, Western Ghats, Southern India
Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) two young calves playing, Minneria NP, Sri Lanka~**Not available for world retail 2011 calendars**  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) two young calves playing, Minneria NP, Sri Lanka~**Not available for world retail 2011 calendars**
Indian elephant mother + young {Elephas maximus} Minneria NP, Sri Lanka  -  TJ Rich
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TJ Rich / Indian elephant mother + young {Elephas maximus} Minneria NP, Sri Lanka
Indian elephant family group {Elephas maximus} Minneria NP, Sri Lanka  -  TJ Rich
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TJ Rich / Indian elephant family group {Elephas maximus} Minneria NP, Sri Lanka
Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) aggressive bull in evening light, Minneria NP, Sri Lanka  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) aggressive bull in evening light, Minneria NP, Sri Lanka
Indian elephants (Elephas maximus) family group, Western Ghats, India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Indian elephants (Elephas maximus) family group, Western Ghats, India
Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) calf standing under mother, Western Ghats, Southern India  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) calf standing under mother, Western Ghats, Southern India
Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) group of adults and juveniles feeding on cut vegetation, elephant orphanage of Pinnawela, Sri Lanka, Asia.  -  Fabio Liverani
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Fabio Liverani / Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus) group of adults and juveniles feeding on cut vegetation, elephant orphanage of Pinnawela, Sri Lanka, Asia.
Asian / Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus) in vegetation. Sri Lanka, South Asia.  -  Doc White
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Doc White / Asian / Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus) in vegetation. Sri Lanka, South Asia.
Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) bathing, Minneria NP, Sri Lanka  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) bathing, Minneria NP, Sri Lanka
Indian elephant head profile portrait {Elephas maximus} Ude Walawe NP, Sri Lanka  -  Toby Sinclair
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Toby Sinclair / Indian elephant head profile portrait {Elephas maximus} Ude Walawe NP, Sri Lanka
Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) bathing in river, drinking, captive, Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, Sri Lanka  -  Andy Rouse
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Andy Rouse / Asian elephant (Elaphus maximus) bathing in river, drinking, captive, Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage, Sri Lanka
Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) feeding in tree, endemic to the Western Ghats south of Coorg, the Nilgiri Langur is one of nearly 16 species of primate found in India.  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) feeding in tree, endemic to the Western Ghats south of Coorg, the Nilgiri Langur is one of nearly 16 species of primate found in India.
Liontail macaque, juvenile {Macaca silenus} Western Ghats Mts, Kerala, India -  endangered endemic species  -  Elio Della Ferrera
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Elio Della Ferrera / Liontail macaque, juvenile {Macaca silenus} Western Ghats Mts, Kerala, India - endangered endemic species
Young Toque Macaque {Macaca sinica} Dambulla, Sri Lanka  -  Matthew Maran
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Matthew Maran / Young Toque Macaque {Macaca sinica} Dambulla, Sri Lanka
Tufted grey langur {Semnopithecus priam thersites}  juvenile, Pollunaruwa, Sri Lanka  -  Matthew Maran
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Matthew Maran / Tufted grey langur {Semnopithecus priam thersites} juvenile, Pollunaruwa, Sri Lanka
Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) eating, Occurs South West India, Endangered Species, March 2OO8  -  Rod Williams
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Rod Williams / Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) eating, Occurs South West India, Endangered Species, March 2OO8
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) female feeding on seed pods. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Mar 2013.  -  Fiona Rogers
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Fiona Rogers / Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) female feeding on seed pods. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Mar 2013.
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) male standing on a fallen tree branch. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India.  -  Anup Shah
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Anup Shah / Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) male standing on a fallen tree branch. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India.
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) baby aged 6-9 months suckling. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Mar 2013.  -  Fiona Rogers
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Fiona Rogers / Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) baby aged 6-9 months suckling. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Mar 2013.
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) female carrying her baby aged less than 1 month in a tree. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India.  -  Anup Shah
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Anup Shah / Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) female carrying her baby aged less than 1 month in a tree. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India.
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) male approaching with curiosity. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India.  -  Anup Shah
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Anup Shah / Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) male approaching with curiosity. Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India.
Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) feeding, Nilgiris Mountains, Tamil Nadu, Western Ghats UNESCO World Heritage Site, India. Vulnerable species.  -  Sandesh Kadur
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Sandesh Kadur / Nilgiri Langur (Trachypithecus johnii) feeding, Nilgiris Mountains, Tamil Nadu, Western Ghats UNESCO World Heritage Site, India. Vulnerable species.
Montane purple faced langur {Presbytis senex monticola} dominant male. Sri Lanka. Endemic endangered species.  -  Elio Della Ferrera
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Elio Della Ferrera / Montane purple faced langur {Presbytis senex monticola} dominant male. Sri Lanka. Endemic endangered species.
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