Woodcut illustration with old colouring of Barbary Macaque monkey (Macaca sylvanus) identified as 'Ein Aff' (An ape). From Gesner's 'Icones Animalium' publ. Christof Froschover, Zurich, 1560. The division between tailed and tail-less being the origin of the historical (pre-scientific) division between 'monkeys' and 'apes'. The barbary macaque is in fact a tail-less monkey rather than part of the taxon within which we now include apes and man. The Barbary Macaque is the only primate whose range includes Europe, and hence was one of the best known in early times.