1857 illustration of pterodactyls by Philip Gosse for his book 'Omphalos' (which sought to explain that the world looked older than Creation because it had to be constructed by God with inbuilt history so that it would continue to work seamlessly). One of the mistakes he made in the book, was following E. Newman's earlier suggestion (1843) in 'The Zoologist' that the pterodactyle was actually a form of marsupial bat with lizard like features. Omphalos was not a good book for Gosse's reputation, finding critics on both sides of the science-religion debate. The name 'Omphalos' means navel - referring to the fact that Adam was created with a navel even though he had never been attached to a placenta.