Wild Destinations > Asia > Borneo (131) More files...
Charles Darwin's description of Borneo as a "great, wild, luxuriant hothouse made by nature for herself" is apt. The world's third largest island contains arguably the greatest plant diversity of any region on earth, more bird species than all of Europe and the same number of mammals as the continent of Australia. Within ten acres of its rainforests, the tallest in the world, there are more tree species than in all of North America.

Borneo's varied landscapes are hotspots for biodiversity and include lush rainforests, mangroves, swamps, coral-fringed offshore islands and the montane forests which reach their highest altitude on Mt Kinabulu, the tallest mountain in Southeast Asia.

Borneo is perhaps best known as the home of the Orangutan - but also harbours the Bornean pygmy elephant, the unusual proboscis monkey, carnivorous pitcher plants and a rare and celebrated orchid flora. It is also the home of gliding frogs and the world's largest bloom - the Rafflesia flower. In the last decade alone, 400 new species have been discovered on the island, including an extremely rare subspecies of clouded leopard.

The relatively unspoilt central region, known as the "heart of Borneo", is the focus of conservation efforts to mitigate wildlife trade and hunting, commercial logging and large-scale clearing for palm oil cultivation (a principal ingredient in 10% of Western-world supermarket produce).

For more information and images, contact timaldred@naturepl.com.

RF- Sunrise and mist over lowland dipterocarp rainforest. Danum valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia. (This image may be licensed either as rights managed or royalty free.)  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / RF- Sunrise and mist over lowland dipterocarp rainforest. Danum valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia. (This image may be licensed either as rights managed or royalty free.)
Western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus) clinging to tree, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus) clinging to tree, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo
Bornean angle-headed lizard (Gonocephalus bornensis) with mouth open in forest habitat, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Bornean angle-headed lizard (Gonocephalus bornensis) with mouth open in forest habitat, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Wallace's gliding frog's extensive foot webbing allows it to glide long distances (Resolution restriction - image digitised from film, 'Weird Nature' tv series)  -  Tim MacMillan / John Downer Pr
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Tim MacMillan / John Downer Pr / Wallace's gliding frog's extensive foot webbing allows it to glide long distances (Resolution restriction - image digitised from film, 'Weird Nature' tv series)
Sunrise and mist over lowland dipterocarp rainforest, Danum valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Sunrise and mist over lowland dipterocarp rainforest, Danum valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Bornean pygmy forest elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) browsing beside water, Rio Sungai Kinabatangan, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Bornean pygmy forest elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis) browsing beside water, Rio Sungai Kinabatangan, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Rafflesia (Rafflesia keithii) the worlds largest known flower, Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Rafflesia (Rafflesia keithii) the worlds largest known flower, Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Close up of juvenile Reticulated python (Python reticulatus) looking down from tree, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Close up of juvenile Reticulated python (Python reticulatus) looking down from tree, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Male Bearded pig (Sus barbatus) at forest wallow. Bako NP, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Male Bearded pig (Sus barbatus) at forest wallow. Bako NP, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Male Three-horned Rhinoceros beetle {Chalcosoma mollenkampi} on buttress root, lowland rain forest, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo.  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Male Three-horned Rhinoceros beetle {Chalcosoma mollenkampi} on buttress root, lowland rain forest, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo.
Butterfly at rest on leaf, Sarawak Borneo, Malaysia, June  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Butterfly at rest on leaf, Sarawak Borneo, Malaysia, June
Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) head portrait of dominant male called Aman. He is the first orangutan in the world to have had his cataracts operated on and his eye sight restored. Matang wildlife centre,...  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) head portrait of dominant male called Aman. He is the first orangutan in the world to have had his cataracts operated on and his eye sight restored. Matang wildlife centre,...
Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) head portrait of dominant male Richie, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) head portrait of dominant male Richie, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered
Orang utan baby (Pongo pygmaeus) head portrait, with fingers in mouth, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Orang utan baby (Pongo pygmaeus) head portrait, with fingers in mouth, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered
Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) baby climbing in branches of tree, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) baby climbing in branches of tree, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered
Head portrait of Borneo Pygmy elephant (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation. Borneo  -  Tim Laman
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Tim Laman / Head portrait of Borneo Pygmy elephant (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation. Borneo
Head portrait of Borneo Pygmy elephant (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation. Borneo  -  Tim Laman
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Tim Laman / Head portrait of Borneo Pygmy elephant (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation. Borneo
A group of Borneo Pygmy elephants (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation, including a juvenile, and large male with a radio collar. Borneo  -  Tim Laman
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Tim Laman / A group of Borneo Pygmy elephants (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation, including a juvenile, and large male with a radio collar. Borneo
Head portrait of Borneo Pygmy elephant (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation. Borneo  -  Tim Laman
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Tim Laman / Head portrait of Borneo Pygmy elephant (Elephaa maximus borneensis) feeding on forest vegetation. Borneo
Asian forest scorpion (Heterometrus longimanus)  on buttress roots in rainforest, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Asian forest scorpion (Heterometrus longimanus) on buttress roots in rainforest, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Giant wood / Golden orb spider (Nephila pilipes)  standing upright on web, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Giant wood / Golden orb spider (Nephila pilipes) standing upright on web, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Lantern bug (Pyrops intricata) Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Lantern bug (Pyrops intricata) Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Three-horned Rhinoceros beetle (Chalcosoma mollenkampi) on buttress root, Kubah National park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Three-horned Rhinoceros beetle (Chalcosoma mollenkampi) on buttress root, Kubah National park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) juvenile male head portrait, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) juvenile male head portrait, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo
Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) female sitting in tree, partially framed by soft focus leaves in foreground, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) female sitting in tree, partially framed by soft focus leaves in foreground, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) head portrait of female, showing teeth in aggressive manner, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) head portrait of female, showing teeth in aggressive manner, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) female sitting in tree, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Proboscis Monkey (Nasalis larvatus) female sitting in tree, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Long-nosed horned frog (Megophrys nasuta) head, Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Visuals Unlimited
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Visuals Unlimited / Long-nosed horned frog (Megophrys nasuta) head, Gunung Gading National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Schlegel's frog (Hydrophylax chalconotus) head portrait at rest on leaf, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Schlegel's frog (Hydrophylax chalconotus) head portrait at rest on leaf, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Borneo river toad (Bufo asper) on stream side stone. Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Borneo river toad (Bufo asper) on stream side stone. Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Bornean horned frog {Megophrys nasuta} amongst leaf-litter in forest floor, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo.  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Bornean horned frog {Megophrys nasuta} amongst leaf-litter in forest floor, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo.
Dawn sunlight through the rainforest canopy. Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Dawn sunlight through the rainforest canopy. Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Birdwatcher on canopy walkway, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Birdwatcher on canopy walkway, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Mesilau Nature Centre, Mount Kinabalu NP, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  2007  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Mesilau Nature Centre, Mount Kinabalu NP, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia 2007
Woman sitting at table in wildlife lodge in Mount Kinabalu NP, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Woman sitting at table in wildlife lodge in Mount Kinabalu NP, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) foraging on coastline, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) foraging on coastline, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) foraging on exposed tideline, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) foraging on exposed tideline, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Two Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) one grooming the other, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Two Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaques (Macaca fascicularis) one grooming the other, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) baby riding on back of adult, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Long-tailed / Crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) baby riding on back of adult, Bako National Park, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia
Aerial view of lowland rainforest and Kinabatangan River coloured with mineral deposits, Sabah, Malaysia . 2007  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Aerial view of lowland rainforest and Kinabatangan River coloured with mineral deposits, Sabah, Malaysia . 2007
Aerial view of lowland rainforest and Kinabatangan River and tributaries coloured with mineral deposits, Sabah, Malaysia . 2007  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Aerial view of lowland rainforest and Kinabatangan River and tributaries coloured with mineral deposits, Sabah, Malaysia . 2007
Early morning mist over the canopy, lowland rainforest, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Early morning mist over the canopy, lowland rainforest, Danum Valley, Sabah, Borneo
Canopy walkway through rainforest canopy, Danum Valley reserve, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia~ 2007  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Canopy walkway through rainforest canopy, Danum Valley reserve, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia~ 2007
Rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros) female perched in tree, calling. Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia.  -  Tim Laman
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Tim Laman / Rhinoceros hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros) female perched in tree, calling. Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Borneo, Indonesia.
Wreathed hornbill {Rhyticeros undulatus} Mount Kinabalu NP, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia  -  Juan Carlos Munoz
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Juan Carlos Munoz / Wreathed hornbill {Rhyticeros undulatus} Mount Kinabalu NP, Sabah, Borneo, Malaysia
Asian Glossy starling (Aplonis panayensis) perched on Oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis) near fruit, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, June  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Asian Glossy starling (Aplonis panayensis) perched on Oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis) near fruit, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, June
Oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris), Kinabatangan River, Sabah, Borneo  -  Nick Garbutt
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Nick Garbutt / Oriental pied hornbill (Anthracoceros albirostris), Kinabatangan River, Sabah, Borneo
Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) climbing in branches of tree, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered  -  Edwin Giesbers
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Edwin Giesbers / Orang utan (Pongo pygmaeus) climbing in branches of tree, Semengoh Nature reserve, Sarawak, Borneo, Malaysia, Endangered
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