South America

Top Sights
 
27 Mar 2018 12:00 am
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Our Top Ten South American highlights,~1. Salar de Uyuni, the world's largest salt flat in Bolivia~2. the Incan citadel of Machu Picchu set high in the Andes~3. Mount Fitzroy, one of the most technically challenging mountains on Earth~4. the Amazon River, the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world (and 2nd longest)~5. the Galapagos Islands, with their high levels of endemism was the birthplace for Darwin's theory of Evolution~6. Torres del Paine, home to soaring mountains and blue icebergs~7. the Moai statues on Easter Island, thought to be over 500 years old~8. Rio de Janeiro, UNESCO World Heritage site and capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro~9. Iguazu Falls, the largest waterfall system in the world~10. the Pantanal, the world's largest wetland
 
Amazon Basin
 
27 Mar 2018 12:00 am
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The Amazon basin is the part of South America drained by the Amazon River and its tributaries.It is the largest reservoir of fresh water on the planet and it is thought that about one fifth of all running water on the planet flows through the Amazon. Home to a huge array of wildlife, it is an increasingly popular tourist destination.
 
Brazil
 
25 Aug 2014 12:00 am
165 files
Brazil is the world's fifth largest country and the largest nation in South America. Its name derives from the Portuguese word for the brazilwood tree, which has a distinctive red timber. Brazil straddles the equator and contains much of the Amazon Basin. The Brazilian Amazon Region is estimated to contain carbon stores of 120 billion tonnes, while the Amazon is the world's second longest river and largest by volume of water. Brazil has the greatest biodiversity of any county on earth and contains two biodiversity hotspots, the Atlantic Forest and the Cerrado. Sao Paulo is the most populous city in Latin America, with a population of more than 20 million.

 
Ecuador
 
25 Aug 2014 04:31 pm
84 files
 
 
Galapagos
 
27 Mar 2018 12:00 am
78 files
Home to the only tropical living penguin species on the planet, the only type of iguana to feed in the sea, and a flightless cormorant, the Galapagos Islands are a biologists paradise! Other notable inhabitants include thirteen endemic tanager species, commonly known as 'Darwin's finches', the Galapagos giant tortoise and the blue-footed booby.~~In 1986, the 70,000 square kilometers of ocean surrounding the islands was declared a marine reserve, second in size only to Australia's Great Barrier Reef. In 1990, the archipelago became a whale sanctuary. UNESCO recognised the islands in 1978 as a World Heritage Site and in 1985, as a biosphere reserve.
 
Pantanal Wetlands, Brazil
 
25 Aug 2014 04:31 pm
60 files
The Pantanal is the world's largest freshwater wetland ecosystem, spanning parts of Brazil, Boliva and Paraguay. Housing the greatest concentration of flora and fauna in the Americas, it stands as an ecological paradise and a natural wonder of outstanding beauty. During the wet season, flood waters pour into the delta from the highlands, raising water levels by several meters before they recede again. The annual flood pulse attracts many of the region's charismatic species including jaguars, hyacinth macaws and giant otters.
The Pantanal is recognised as a World Heritage Site by the IUCN and a Ramsar Site of International Importance. Further areas are designated as National Parks, although the area suffers nonetheless from water pollution, dams, mining, road construction, charcoal production and the advancing agricultural frontier.
E-mail timaldred@naturepl.com for more images and information
Single-photographer portfolios from this region can be browsed under the search term "Staffan Widstrand Pantanal".

 
Patagonia
 
25 Aug 2014 12:00 am
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Patagonia is one of the most sparsely populated areas on earth. Encompassing parts of Argentina and Chile, it is the southernmost portion of South America.
~Patagonia's expansive landscapes include part of the Andes mountains, vast steppe-like plains and the largest ice fields in the southern hemisphere outside of Antarctica. The Valdez Peninsula and Los Glaciares National Park (famous for the Perito Morino glacier), are recognised as UNESCO World Heritage sites.
~Characteristic wildlife includes the wild puma, grey fox and Patagonian cavy. Rare Andean condors glide over the windswept volcanic plateaus and herds of guanaco and Darwin's rhea roam the central plains; their last stronghold. The marine fauna includes Southern right whales, orcas, elephant seals and Patagonian sealions.
 
People and Cities
 
27 Mar 2018 12:00 am
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From colourful Colombian Plazas to Peruvian tapestries we document the lives of native South Americans, and also those travelling to the area. As South America becomes increasingly popular with tourists we show the impact and influence of tourism.
 
Peru
 
25 Aug 2014 04:31 pm
82 files
 
 
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