Wild Destinations > UK > Caledonia, Scotland (72) More files...
Nature Picture Library is proud to represent images from CALEDONIA, a book by photographer Peter Cairns.

To coincide with the UN International Year of Forests 2011, CALEDONIA is the most spectacular showcase yet for The Great Wood which once covered most of the Scottish mainland. Only a tiny fraction of Scotland's original wildwood' remains and iconic species like the red squirrel, crested tit, pine marten and wildcat cling on to a precarious existence. While these and other exciting animals are found in a variety of habitats across Europe, many of them rely on the old pine forests of the central Highlands, making these lonely and isolated remnants especially important.

In words and pictures, Niall Benvie and Peter Cairns make a passionate plea for an expans
Native pine forest silhouetted at dawn with rising mist. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Native pine forest silhouetted at dawn with rising mist. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.
Flooded birch and alder woodland in autumn, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK, November, RUNNER UP: In Praise of Plants category of the Wildlife Photographer of the Year Competition 2010  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Flooded birch and alder woodland in autumn, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK, November, RUNNER UP: In Praise of Plants category of the Wildlife Photographer of the Year Competition 2010
Red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag half hidden behind tree trunk in pine forest, Alvie Estate, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, February  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag half hidden behind tree trunk in pine forest, Alvie Estate, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, February
Pine Marten (Martes martes) balanced on branch. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Pine Marten (Martes martes) balanced on branch. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.
Ancient pine woodland with lush understorey of heather and blaeberry (bilberry). Rothiemurchus Forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, May.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Ancient pine woodland with lush understorey of heather and blaeberry (bilberry). Rothiemurchus Forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, May.
Autumnal dawn light filtering through pine forest. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, October.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Autumnal dawn light filtering through pine forest. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, October.
Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) male flying through pine forest, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, February. 2020VISION Book Plate.  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) male flying through pine forest, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, February. 2020VISION Book Plate.
Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in winter pine forest. Glenfeshie, Cairngorms, Scotland, February.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in winter pine forest. Glenfeshie, Cairngorms, Scotland, February.
Star-trails above dead trees in winter. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, February.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Star-trails above dead trees in winter. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, February.
Scottish wildcat (Felis sylvestris) climbing fallen tree in pine forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK. Highly commended, Documentary series category, British Wildlife Photography Awards (BWP...  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Scottish wildcat (Felis sylvestris) climbing fallen tree in pine forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK. Highly commended, Documentary series category, British Wildlife Photography Awards (BWP...
RF- Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) standing on frozen loch at dawn in winter. Loch Insh, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK. (This image may be licensed either as rights managed or royalty free.)  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / RF- Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) standing on frozen loch at dawn in winter. Loch Insh, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK. (This image may be licensed either as rights managed or royalty free.)
Scots pine trees (Pinus sylvestris) standing alongside Loch Mallachie, perfectly reflected in water. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Scots pine trees (Pinus sylvestris) standing alongside Loch Mallachie, perfectly reflected in water. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK
Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus) in winter pelage hopping across snow. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus) in winter pelage hopping across snow. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.
Birch forest by a marsh. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, May.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Birch forest by a marsh. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, May.
Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) perched in pine forest, Captive, Cairngorms NP, Scotland, UK.  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) perched in pine forest, Captive, Cairngorms NP, Scotland, UK.
Stormy light over bog, Glenfeshie, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, August 2010. 2020VISION Book Plate.  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Stormy light over bog, Glenfeshie, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, August 2010. 2020VISION Book Plate.
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) fishing, Kangasala, Finland, August 2009. Winner of 2010 Nature's Best Competition. WWE OUTDOOR EXHIBITION. Wild Wonders kids book.  -  Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns
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Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns / Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) fishing, Kangasala, Finland, August 2009. Winner of 2010 Nature's Best Competition. WWE OUTDOOR EXHIBITION. Wild Wonders kids book.
European Beaver (Castor fiber) swimming at water surface. Bergslagen, Sweden, May.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / European Beaver (Castor fiber) swimming at water surface. Bergslagen, Sweden, May.
Slavonian grebe (Podiceps auritus) on misty lake at dawn, Bergslagen, Sweden, June 2009  -  Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns
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Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns / Slavonian grebe (Podiceps auritus) on misty lake at dawn, Bergslagen, Sweden, June 2009
Moss covered trunks in highland forest. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, May.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Moss covered trunks in highland forest. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, May.
Allt Ruadh burn flowing through autumn ancient pine forest. Glenfeshie, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, October.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Allt Ruadh burn flowing through autumn ancient pine forest. Glenfeshie, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, October.
Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) male displaying in snow, Cairngorms NP, Scotland, February 2009  -  Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns
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Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns / Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) male displaying in snow, Cairngorms NP, Scotland, February 2009
Red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag in pine forest in snow blizzard, Alvie Estate, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, March  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Red deer (Cervus elaphus) stag in pine forest in snow blizzard, Alvie Estate, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, March
Pine Marten (Martes martes) on roof of Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) nesting box. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Pine Marten (Martes martes) on roof of Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) nesting box. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.
Rainbow over a highland tarn. Assynt, northwest highlands, Scotland, May.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Rainbow over a highland tarn. Assynt, northwest highlands, Scotland, May.
Sunrise over remnants of pine forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, December 2007  -  Peter Cairns / naturepl.com
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Peter Cairns / naturepl.com / Sunrise over remnants of pine forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, December 2007
A lone pine tree silhouetted at sunset. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, December.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / A lone pine tree silhouetted at sunset. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, December.
View over Rothiemurchus and lower Glenfeshie forest in early evening light. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / View over Rothiemurchus and lower Glenfeshie forest in early evening light. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, August.
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) in winter with steam rising from its plumage. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) in winter with steam rising from its plumage. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) in flight. Flatanger, Norway, November.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) in flight. Flatanger, Norway, November.
Badger (Meles meles) foraging in bark. Scotland, May.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Badger (Meles meles) foraging in bark. Scotland, May.
Close up of Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) male displaying in pine forest, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, February  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Close up of Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) male displaying in pine forest, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, February
Scots pine tree reflected in lake at dawn. Loch an Eilean, Scotland, UK  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Scots pine tree reflected in lake at dawn. Loch an Eilean, Scotland, UK
Loch Insh in winter, partially frozen and covered in snow, low sun, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, December  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Loch Insh in winter, partially frozen and covered in snow, low sun, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland, UK, December
Mute swan (Cygnus olor) pair on water in winter dawn mist, Loch Insh, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland UK, December. 2020VISION Book Plate.  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Mute swan (Cygnus olor) pair on water in winter dawn mist, Loch Insh, Cairngorms NP, Highlands, Scotland UK, December. 2020VISION Book Plate.
Mute swan (Cygnus olor) in late evening light, Fife, Scotland, UK, November. Photographer quote: 'The last rays of winter sunshine caught this mute swan as it emerged from a reedbed. The light was as...  -  Peter Cairns / 2020VISION
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Peter Cairns / 2020VISION / Mute swan (Cygnus olor) in late evening light, Fife, Scotland, UK, November. Photographer quote: 'The last rays of winter sunshine caught this mute swan as it emerged from a reedbed. The light was as...
Pine Marten (Martes martes) standing alert on a trunk. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, September.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Pine Marten (Martes martes) standing alert on a trunk. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, September.
Great-Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopus major) in winter pine forest. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, January.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Great-Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopus major) in winter pine forest. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, January.
Red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) sitting on snow covered tree stump, Glenfeshie, Cairngorms NP, Scotland, February 2009  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) sitting on snow covered tree stump, Glenfeshie, Cairngorms NP, Scotland, February 2009
Red throated diver (Gavia stellata) on water, in breeding plumage, Bergslagen, Sweden, April 2009  -  Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns
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Wild Wonders of Europe / Cairns / Red throated diver (Gavia stellata) on water, in breeding plumage, Bergslagen, Sweden, April 2009
Three female Goldeneye ducks {Bucephala clangula} on water at dawn, Cairngorms NPO, Scotland, UK, April.  -  Peter Cairns / naturepl.com
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Peter Cairns / naturepl.com / Three female Goldeneye ducks {Bucephala clangula} on water at dawn, Cairngorms NPO, Scotland, UK, April.
Portrait of Red Deer (Corvus elaphus) male. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Portrait of Red Deer (Corvus elaphus) male. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.
Orange mesh attached to deer fence to increase visibility and reduce fence collisions of Capercaillie and Black grouse - a common cause of their fatality.~This method is used throughout Scotland to tr...  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Orange mesh attached to deer fence to increase visibility and reduce fence collisions of Capercaillie and Black grouse - a common cause of their fatality.~This method is used throughout Scotland to tr...
Three boys playing in the forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK 2006 Model released.  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Three boys playing in the forest, Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, UK 2006 Model released.
Dead Fox (Vulpes vulpes) lying at the feet of a hunter. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Dead Fox (Vulpes vulpes) lying at the feet of a hunter. Cairngorms National Park, Scotland, March.
Assistant stalker, Ronnie MacLeod leads Highland Pony home with culled red deer hind, Alladale Wilderness Reserve, Ardgay, Sutherland, Scotland, UK, 2005  -  Pete Cairns
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Pete Cairns / Assistant stalker, Ronnie MacLeod leads Highland Pony home with culled red deer hind, Alladale Wilderness Reserve, Ardgay, Sutherland, Scotland, UK, 2005
Deer stalker measuring and monitoring pine tree growth, Glenfeshie, Scotland.  -  Peter Cairns / naturepl.com
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Peter Cairns / naturepl.com / Deer stalker measuring and monitoring pine tree growth, Glenfeshie, Scotland.
Wild cat (Felis silvestris) portrait in long grass, Scotland, UK  -  Peter Cairns
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Peter Cairns / Wild cat (Felis silvestris) portrait in long grass, Scotland, UK
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