What’s it like to live on an actively volcanic island? Find out in our latest photo story!
Photographer Doug Perrine has lived on Hawaii for quarter of a century. He’s had several close calls photographing lava flows, and even lost a home to volcanic activity. Nevertheless, Perrine considers it a privilege to live on an island constantly being remoulded by geological forces.
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“With volcanoes surrounded by deep blue ocean, I have both fire and water. It’s a nature photographer’s paradise.”
– Doug Perrine, 2018
The entire archipelago of the Hawaiian Islands and Emperor Seamounts, stretching some 5,800 km from the Island of Hawaii northwest nearly to the eastern edge of Russia and the Aleutian Trench, is formed of volcanoes, including four that are active, two that are dormant, and at least 123 that are extinct.
On New Year’s Eve 2016, a massive section of the Kamokuna lava delta collapsed into the ocean, exposing an active lava tube. A spout of lava gushed out of the new cliff face into the cool waters of the Pacific. Where the lava impacted the ocean, the reaction was violent, generating explosions of acidic steam and fragmented lava pieces, which cooled rapidly into black pumice rocks. This battle of the elements played out until the build up of cooled lava created a new delta that finally sealed off the lava tube.
Hawaii’s Kilauea is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, erupting nearly continuously during the entire human habitation of the island over the last 1,000 years. In 2018, a string of earthquakes heralded a dramatic new phase of the eruption, resulting in the draining of the two lava lakes, and multiple fissures opening up in the subdivision of Leilani Estates, outside the small town of Pahoa. Lava and toxic gases spewed into the air from cracks in formerly quiet residential streets and lawns, destroying hundreds of homes and consuming entire neighbourhoods.
In Sept 2018, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park reopened to visitors, after a period of closure that lasted 135 days. While volcanic activity has slowed down significantly and no lava is now reaching the surface at Kilauea, scientists aren’t ready to declare the latest eruption over. The volcanic ‘hotspot’ which sits below Hawaii – and is responsible for its creation – continues to force magma up through the crust of the earth. It’s really only a matter of time before the next major event.
Molten lava lake in Halemaumau Crater, Kilauea Volcano, before the eruption in 2018 drained it:
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